Samuda, Joseph d'Aguilar

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b. 21 May 1813 London, England
d. 27 April 1885 London, England
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English shipbuilder and promoter of atmospheric traction for railways.
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Joseph Samuda studied as a engineer under his elder brother Jacob and formed a partnership with him in 1832 as builders of marine steam engines. In 1838, with Samuel Clegg, they took out a patent for an atmospheric railway system. In this system a cast-iron tube, with a continuous sealed slot along the top, was laid between the rails; trains were attached to a piston within the tube by an arm, the slot being opened and resealed before and behind it. The tube ahead of the piston was exhausted by a stationary steam engine and the train propelled by atmospheric pressure. The system appeared to offer clean, fast travel and was taken up by noted contemporary railway engineers such as I.K. Brunel and C.B. Vignoles, but it eventually proved a failure as no satisfactory means of sealing the slot could at that time be found. It did, however, lead to experiments in the 1860s with underground, pneumatic-tube railways, in which the vehicle would be its own piston, and Samuda Bros, supplied cast-iron tubes for such a line. Meanwhile, Samuda Bros, had commenced building iron steamships in 1843, and although Jacob Samuda lost his life in 1844 as the result of an accident aboard one of the earliest built, the firm survived to become noted London builders of steamships of many types over the ensuing four decades. Joseph Samuda became a founder member of the Institution of Naval Architects in 1860, and was MP for Tavistock from 1865 to 1868 and for Tower Hamlets from 1868 to 1880.
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Bibliography
1838, jointly with Jacob Samuda and Samuel Clegg, British patent no. 7,920 (atmospheric traction).
1861–2, "On the form and materials for iron plated ships", Minutes of Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers 21.
Further Reading
Obituary, Minutes of Proceedings of the Institution of Civil Engineers 81:334 (provides good coverage of his career).
C.Hadfield, 1967, Atmospheric Railways, Newton Abbot: David \& Charles (includes a discussion of his railway work).
PJGR

Biographical history of technology. - Taylor & Francis e-Librar. . 2005.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • SAMUDA, JOSEPH D'AGUILAR — (1813–1885), British shipbuilder and railway pioneer. Born in London to Sephardi parents – his father was a broker and overseas merchant – Samuda became an engineer in partnership with his brother JACOB (1811–1844). From 1832 to 1848 Samuda… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Joseph d'Aguilar Samuda — (21 May 1813 ndash; 27 April 1885 was Jewish English civil engineer and politician. He was born in London the younger son of Abraham Samuda, and brother of Jacob Samuda. He started out in his father s counting house, but in 1832 he joined his… …   Wikipedia

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  • Samuda — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Jacqueline Samuda, kanadische Schauspielerin und Autorin Joseph d Aguilar Samuda (1813–1885), englischer Schiffbauer und Ingenieur Karl Samuda (* 1942), jamaikanischer Politiker (JLP) Siehe auch: Samuda… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Samuda Estate — The Samuda Estate is on the east side of Manchester Road, in Cubitt Town on the Isle of Dogs. With 505 dwellings it is home to about 1,500 people and covers convert|11.4|acre|km2|2|lk=on. Historical BackgroundThe estate is named for the… …   Wikipedia

  • Jacob Samuda — (August 24, 1811 November 12, 1844 was a Jewish English civil engineer born in London. He is described as the first Jewish engineer on his tombstone, in the Sephardic cemetery, Mile End, London. He was the elder son of Abraham Samuda, an East and …   Wikipedia

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